The Hip Joint Pain
The hip joint is a crucial part of the human body that acts as the joining point of the torso and the lower limbs. This joint is the connection between the thigh bone (also known in medical terms as the femur) and the pelvic bone (which is where the torso comes to an end). This particular joint is in the form of a ball and socket joint, allowing for maximum movement, rotation and flexibility, such that the top end of the femur (or the head of the femur as it is sometimes called) is fixed into a groove in the pelvic bone (which is medically referred to as the acetabulum) and held in place by numerous ligaments and tendons. These ligaments and tendons form a full covering of the head of the femur (almost like a sleeve) known as the joint capsule. The sleeve also has a very delicate lining known as the synovium. This hip joint enables the body to move its legs and is therefore crucial to almost all human activity and movement including walking. There is adequate cushioned padding both on the femur and the acetabulum of this joint in the form of soft cartilage tissue to ensure that use of both the legs does not cause any friction and damage or wear and tear of the bones.
Due to this condition the joint cartilage is most affected by the wear and tear caused when moving the legs. It causes severe pain and in some cases even shortening of legs. The effect of this condition is limited to the joints alone and does not affect other internal organs.
Rheumatoid Arthritis concerns the inflammation of the synovium that then spreads to the other parts of the joint – first the cartilage and then the bone. It makes movement painful and can also adversely affect other joints and internal organs.
There are a number of congenital diseases that affect the hip joint and these are conditions that come into being when the foetus is still in the womb. Congenital Hip Dislocation is caused by an abnormal formation of the hip joint during the growth of the child. A Breech Delivery could also cause this condition. Perthe’s Disease is caused by a decreased blood supply to the hip joint which in turn kills the bone tissue that does not receive oxygenated blood. Dead bone tissue weakens the joint and results in its being very unstable with a strong tendency to crack very easily and break very slowly.
Trauma, Acetabular Fracture, Fracture Neck of Femur and Septic Arthritis are other medical conditions that affect this particular crucial joint in the human body. These conditions should be diagnosed accurately and treated appropriately at the right stage. If not these conditions can be very painful and in some cases nearly fatal to the patient as it can affect other parts of the body as well.