The shoulder joint is one of the most complex joints of the human body. Because only muscles and ligaments ensure the range of motion of the shoulder joint, it is susceptible to injury.
Shoulder pain can have very different causes ranging from muscle tension, torn muscles or muscle strains, damage of ligaments, tendons, cartilage or bones to spinal diseases or nerve injuries.
Spinal diseases may lead to shoulder pain like
Pain can emerge on the skin of the shoulder, in the shoulder, spread to arms or hands and can be characterized subject to the injury as continuous pain, movement pain, pressure pain or pain while lying on the shoulder. These pain types may entail restricted range of motion, shoulder instability, but also paresthesia or numbness in case of nerve damage.
Because shoulder pain can have many causes, it is crucial to carry out a comprehensive neurological-orthopedic examination comprising a talk about the history of illness, a thorough examination and further investigation by means of imaging procedures like MRI or X-raying. The best method to differentiate between different injuries is MRI. MRI enables us to visualize very different structures during one examination like muscles, ligaments, tendons, cartilage and bones. If it is necessary, we do also apply a well-tolerated contrast agent to improve the visibility of certain structures.
In some cases, it may be necessary to perform a shoulder arthroscopy, during which an endoscope is inserted through small incisions to visualize the different structures of the shoulder enlarged. If indicated, a subsequent arthroscopic surgery is possible directly after the arthroscopic examination.
All examinations can be carried out at Beta Klinik. Read more about our diagnostics
Treatment of shoulder pain is subject to the shoulder injury. The therapeutic range encompasses painkilling and anti-inflammatory drugs, immobilization, physiotherapy and strengthening of muscles, corticoid injections, but also arthroscopic surgery of the shoulder, or microscopic and endoscopic surgery of the spine in case of spinal diseases.
Please do also study the possible causes of shoulder pain in order to find more information on the corresponding treatments: