Shoulder Pain

Shoulder pain

The shoulder joint is one of the most complex joints of the human body. Because only muscles and ligaments ensure the range of motion of the shoulder joint, it is susceptible to injury.

Causes shoulder pain / shoulder injury

Shoulder pain can have very different causes ranging from muscle tension, torn muscles or muscle strains, damage of ligaments, tendons, cartilage or bones to spinal diseases or nerve injuries.

Causes requiring treatment are, for example:

  • impingement syndrome / painful arc syndrome
  • shoulder arthritis
  • dislocated shoulder / shoulder luxation
  • separated shoulder / AC joint separation / AC separation
  • shoulder instability
  • SLAP tear / SLAP lesion

Spinal diseases may lead to shoulder pain like

  • slipped disc / herniated disc / disc herniation
  • spinal stenosis / spinal canal stenosis
  • facet syndrome

Further symptoms besides shoulder pain

Pain can emerge on the skin of the shoulder, in the shoulder, spread to arms or hands and can be characterized subject to the injury as continuous pain, movement pain, pressure pain or pain while lying on the shoulder. These pain types may entail restricted range of motion, shoulder instability, but also paresthesia or numbness in case of nerve damage.

Diagnostics shoulder pain / shoulder injury

Because shoulder pain can have many causes, it is crucial to carry out a comprehensive neurological-orthopedic examination comprising a talk about the history of illness, a thorough examination and further investigation by means of imaging procedures like MRI or X-raying. The best method to differentiate between different injuries is MRI. MRI enables us to visualize very different structures during one examination like muscles, ligaments, tendons, cartilage and bones. If it is necessary, we do also apply a well-tolerated contrast agent to improve the visibility of certain structures.
In some cases, it may be necessary to perform a shoulder arthroscopy, during which an endoscope is inserted through small incisions to visualize the different structures of the shoulder enlarged. If indicated, a subsequent arthroscopic surgery is possible directly after the arthroscopic examination.

All examinations can be carried out at Beta Klinik. Read more about our diagnostics

Therapy shoulder pain / shoulder injury

Treatment of shoulder pain is subject to the shoulder injury. The therapeutic range encompasses painkilling and anti-inflammatory drugs, immobilization, physiotherapy and strengthening of muscles, corticoid injections, but also arthroscopic surgery of the shoulder, or microscopic and endoscopic surgery of the spine in case of spinal diseases.

Please do also study the possible causes of shoulder pain in order to find more information on the corresponding treatments:

  • impingement syndrome / painful arc syndrome
  • shoulder arthritis
  • dislocated shoulder / shoulder luxation
  • separated shoulder / AC joint separation / AC separation
  • shoulder instability
  • SLAP tear / SLAP lesion
  • slipped disc / herniated disc / disc herniation
  • spinal stenosis / spinal canal stenosis
  • facet syndrome

Diagnosis

The Joints and spine center offers both Pre and Post operative treatments including complex surgeries for Spine, Joint Replacement- Hip, Shoulder,Knee. There are a
specific set of services for sports related injuries. The Center is fully equiped to handle trauma cases. See All Services

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